History

Foot-and-mouth disease affects domesticated and wild, cloven-footed animals. It was first shown to be caused by a virus (foot-and-mouth disease virus, FMDV) in 1897.

In the 1920's scientists in France and Germany demonstrated that the virus had three different serotypes. In the 1940's and 1950's four more serotypes were discovered.Serotypes


Foot-and-mouth disease occurs in many parts of the world and especially in developing countries and in Africa and Asia.

Some countries have been FMD-free for many years. North America, most European countries, Australia, New Zealand and many island states are recognised as being FMD-free.

The disease has almost been eradicated in South America and eradication is underway in China and India.OIE map of official FMD status


As foot-and-mouth disease is a globally distributed disease it is referred to in many different languages.
A collection of the different names for the disease in different languages has been made and is available on this site.FMD in different languages

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