In the 1920's scientists in France and Germany demonstrated that the virus had three different serotypes. In the 1940's and 1950's four more serotypes were discovered.Serotypes
Some countries have been FMD-free for many years. North America, most European countries, Australia, New Zealand and many island states are recognised as being FMD-free.
The disease has almost been eradicated in South America and eradication is underway in China and India.OIE map of official FMD status
A collection of the different names for the disease in different languages has been made and is available on this site.FMD in different languages